Information Society, 2017, Issue 1
Keywords and Abstracts
Documentary and Information Component of the Modern Society
PLESHKEVICH Eugeniy Aleksandrovich
The article analyzes the organization of the documentary and information segment of modern society. The author proposes to single out the proto-documentary, documentary and post-documentary structures of this segment. Particular emphasis is made on trust, which is seen as a specific property of the documentary and information component of the socium.
Keywords: information society, document, proto-document, trust, documentary and information approach.
Information Activity as a Means of Overcoming Social Orphanhood
KORENYUK Andrey Anatolyevich
Providing reliable information about orphans and children left without parental care is one of the main tools to overcome social orphanhood. The media, including the Internet, are the most important source and method of public opinion making. They can help to involve public, business and other stakeholders in solving this problem. The article analyzes the activities of the media and Internet resources of the guardianship authorities on public opinion formation related to orphans and children left without parental care. During the sociological survey, the experts attitude to the problem of child abandonment was revealed.
Keywords: orphans, children left without parental care, guardianship, foster family, information activities, Internet resources.
Debate about Ch. Kecskemeti and L. Kormendy’s Book “Scripta Volent”
PROZOROVA Victoria Borisovna
Former Secretary-General of ICA Ch. Kecskemeti and Hungarian archivist L. Kormandi, who worked with documents on new media in the 1975-2012, have written a book on request of Favre, a Swiss publisher, in 2014, where they show the vulnerability of electronic archives and the great instability of the environment where they exist. Both factors are deeply inconsistent with the fundamental mission of the archives, which is to carry information through millennia. In the present situation, we are not likely to have means of reading the current electronic archives after twenty years whereas some records can be claimed after 500 or more years since their creation. What, where, how and who should maintain records may be answered by archivists but not by computer technologies specialists. The present standards and approaches to maintaining the electronic archives will not solve the problem until the selection of media occurs depending on the duration of their estimated storage.
Keywords: Long-time preservation of digital records, international standardization, ñonversion, migration, data bases, electronic mail.
Public Communication in the Blogosphere as an Internet Communication Technology
Brazevich Dmitriy Svyatoslavovich, VASILENOK Viktor Leonidovich, GERASIMOVA Anna Yurievna, TOLSTIKOVA Irina Ivanovna
The article analyzes the evolution of the global blogosphere as a special information and communication space that provides new social opportunities and prospects. It is argued that the world blogosphere is evolving as a new public sphere, a special form of personalized journalism and business, a platform for discussion of topical social, political and economic problems. At the same time, the major part of the blogosphere in Russia is focused on another directioná namely as a platform of self-presentation and expression, focused on the young audience.
Keywords: information and communicative space, Internet technology, Internet communication, blog, blogger, the blogosphere, blogging communication.
Coverage of Election Campaigns in the Media and Electoral Interest
YEFANOV Aleksandr Aleksandrovich
The article discusses a strategy for covering the election campaign in mass media from the viewpoint of their impact on electoral interest. The research objects are electoral processes in Russia and United States of America in 2016. The studies were conducted with the use of materials from news, several public and political programs on federal and regional TV channels, as well as posts made by Orenburg region residents on social networks. The applied methods were quantitative content analysis and discourse analysis.
Keywords: electorate, electoral interest, electoral activity, election campaign, elections, mass media, Orenburg region.
Measuring Practices of Internet Use in Social Sciences: a Review of Major Approaches
VOLCHENKO Olesya Viktorovna
The article reviews approaches towards measuring practices of Internet use and highlights major pros and cons of described indicators. The examples of research questions addressed using different indicators are also provided. All instruments are classified into macro-indicators that allow describing Internet penetration in a country or a region and micro-indicators that allow estimating frequency of Internet use by individuals. Micro-indicators can also be classified into indicators based on automatically collected data and indicators based on survey data.
Keywords: Internet, practices of Internet use, frequency of Internet use, sociological measurement.
Sport as a Cultural Phenomenon in the Information Society
Elena Aleksandrovna Salitskaya
The article analyzes the peculiarities of sport as a substantive sphere with its system of values, which are integrated in the development of the society, highlights the typological features of sport as a cultural phenomenon, presents models of modern social and cultural projects.
Keywords: sport as a cultural phenomenon, socio-cultural projects of sport at international, national and segment levels.